Martyr’s day is also called Shaheed Diwas or Sarvodaya Day. This day is celebrated in India several times a year to remember the freedom fighters who had sacrificed their lives for India’s freedom from British rule. The most important Martyr’s day is celebrated on the 30th of January which is the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The second most popular Martyr’s day is on the 23rd of March. This is the day when Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were hanged in the year 1931. Many schools organize special events on this day and the students perform patriotic songs and plays
Dates when the different Martyr’s day is celebrated in India
There are a total of eight martyr’s days celebrated across the nation on 8 different days. These are:
13th July: This day is celebrated as a Martyr’s day in Jammu and Kashmir to commemorate the deaths of 22 people. On this day, people were killed by the royal soldiers.
17th November: This day is celebrated as Martyr’s day in Orissa to observe the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Ray. He was also known as the Lion of Punjab. He played an important role in the freedom struggle movement of India.
19th November: This day is celebrated as Martyr’s day in Jhansi. Rani Laxmi Bai was born on this date. She sacrificed her life in the revolt of 1857.
23rd March and 30th January: Shaheed Diwas is celebrated on these two days to pay homage to the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the country. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30th at the Gandhi Smriti in Birla House. On March, 23rd, the people pay tribute to those freedom fighters that were hanged to death by the Britishers. These include Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram rajguru. Mahatma Gandhi was also known as the father of the nation and he was the anti-colonial nationalist who started the non-violent movement. This was a successful campaign for India’s freedom from British rule. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on January 30th, 1948. The president; the Vice-president, the Prime Minister, and the Defense minister assemble at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at the Raj Ghat memorial on January 30th to pay respect to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian martyrs. There is a 2-minute silence observed by the people of India in the memory of those Indian freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives..