Bihar Public Service Commission is Bihar State Level Civil Service Exam conducted for recruitment to multiple posts such as Sub Divisional Officer, District Sanapark Officer and other PCS level Officers.

BPSC Exam is conducted in three stages:

1. Preliminary

2. Mains 

3. Interview

1. PRELIMINARY EXAM: Preliminary Exam( generally called as Prelims) is a qualifying exam that qualifies the student to appear for Main Exam.

BPSC Prelims include only 01 paper:

Paper01: General Studies

2. MAINS EXAM: Mains is the second stage of BPSC. Students who pass prelims are eligible for the Mains exam.

BPSC Mains Exam include 4 papers:

Paper 1: Hindi

Paper 2: General Studies-1

Paper 3: General Studies-2

Paper 4: Optional Subject

3. INTERVIEW: Students who pass the Mains Exam will be eligible for an interview.


Number of Papers

Type of Paper

Paper Name






General Studies


120 minutes




  • General Hindi
  • General Studies-1
  • General Studies-2
  • Optional Subject








3 hours


3 hours


3 hours


3 hours




Not defined

Syllabus for BPSC PRELIMS

BPSC Prelims Syllabus covers aspects of General Science , Polity, Economy, History and The National Movement

1. General Science: There will be general questions on Science and Tech and do not require subject specialization.

2. Events of National and International Importance: Current affairs on the events of National and International Importances.

3. History of Bihar and Indian History: History of Bihar should be prepared well.

4. Geography: Candidates have to prepare the social and economic geography of Bihar and India well along with Indian Agriculture and natural resources.

5. Indian Polity and Economy: Following topics are important for Indian Polity and Economy:

i. Indian Political System

ii. Panchayti Raj

iii. Community Development

iv. Planning in India and Bihar  

6. Changes in the Economy of Bihar Post Independence

7. Indian National Movement and the Role of Bihar: In this topic questions will relate to the growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence and contribution of Bihar in it.

8. General Mental Ability

Important Points:

1. BPSC Prelims exam is both in Hindi and English Language except for those questions which are meant to test the English knowledge of Candidate.

2. There is no negative marking in the BPSC Prelims Exam.

3. Marks of paper are considered only for qualifying for Mains. Marks of this paper will not be considered in the calculation of merit list.

4. The minimum qualifying marks in Prelims are:

i. General Category : 40% (60 marks)

ii. OBC Category: 36.5% (54.75 marks)

iii. SC and SC category: 32% (48 marks)

Syllabus for BPSC MAINS

1. General Hindi: General Hindi is a qualifying paper. The syllabus of General Hindi is of the same level as that of Bihar School Education Board(BSEB).

The 100 marks of General Hindi (subjective paper) are distributed as follows:

Essay : 30 Marks

Grammar : 30 Marks

Syntax : 25 Marks

Summarisation  : 15 Marks

2. General Studies-1: Syllabus of General Studies includes:

Indian Culture

Modern History of India

Contemporary Events of National and International Importance

Statistical Analysis , diagrams and graphs

3. General Studies-2: Syllabus of General Studies includes:

Indian and Bihar Polity

Indian and Bihar Economy

Indian and Bihar Geography

Role and Impact of Science and Technology in the development of India and Bihar

Important topics for General Studies Paper

1.History of Country with contribution of Bihar

2.Santhal Uprising

3.1857 war of Independence

4.Champaran Satyagraha

5.Quit India Movement 1942

6.Impact of Science and Technology in the Development of Country

4. Optional Subject: In BPSC Mains candidates have to select one optional subject out of 34 subjects. In this subject questions will be asked of Honors level.

Following are the subjects candidates can choose from:

  1. English Language and Literature
  2. Urdu Language and Literature
  3. Hindi Language and Literature
  4. Persian Language and Literature
  5. Arabic Language and Literature
  6. Pali Language and Literature
  7. Maithili Language and Literature
  8. Bengali Language and Literature
  9. Sanskrit Language and Literature
  10. Chemistry
  11. Sociology
  12. Physics
  13. Agriculture
  14. Statistics
  15. Botany
  16. Zoology
  17. Philosophy
  18. Political Science and International Relations
  19. Psychology
  20. Public Administration
  21. Labour and Social Welfare
  22. Management
  23. Mathematics
  24. Mechanical Engineering
  25. Geography
  26. Geology
  27. History
  28. Law
  29. Civil Engineering
  30. Economics
  31. Commerce and Accountancy
  32. Electrical Engineering
  33. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  34. Anthropology

Check the BPSC Syllabus here.

Important Points:

1. General Hindi Paper is of qualifying nature. (30% Marks required)

2. General Studies questions will be both in English and Hindi

3. There will be no negative marking in descriptive questions

4. Candidates need to attempt all the 4 papers to qualify the round.

5. The score will be given considering a total of 900 marks of GS-1, GS-2 and Optional Subject. 

BPSC Interview Test

Candidates who have passed BPSC Mains Exam will be called for Interview. Candidates are interviewed by a Board appointed by Commission.

The objective of the Interview is to check the personal stability , analytical ability and mental qualities of a candidate.

Candidates appearing for an interview should have knowledge of current affairs happening in Bihar and India.